Defending Survivors: California’s AB 933 Takes a Stand Against Retaliation

Emily McKay Johnson, Senior Policy Communications Coordinator

Increasingly, survivors of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and other forms of harassment, and discrimination are facing legal battles when they come forward to share their stories. More survivors than ever are publicly holding their harmers accountable, but simultaneously, there has been a growing trend of harmers responding by filing or threatening to file meritless defamation lawsuits.

These lawsuits are meant to silence and intimidate survivors from speaking their truth, plain and simple. Even worse, they are costly, painful, and time-consuming for the survivor, who must defend themself from the legal action. 

California lawmakers have the opportunity this year to help mitigate the burden of survivors speaking their truths with Assembly Bill 933, “Protecting Survivors from Weaponized Defamation Lawsuits.”

Introduced by Assemblymembers Aguiar-Curry and Ward, AB 933 will expand protections for survivors against retaliatory defamation lawsuits. It clarifies that claims made in good faith are considered protected speech. In doing so, the bill would make it harder for perpetrators to retaliate against survivors with legal threats and intimidation. 

Perpetrators often use retaliatory defamation lawsuits because they know survivors may not have the financial and emotional capacity to defend themselves. This bill will alleviate that burden. 

Equal Rights Advocates and the California Employment Lawyers Association are sponsors of the bill, and survivor Pamela Lopez is a strong supporter. In trying to remedy the harm inflicted upon her, Pamela, a survivor and advocate, faced a defamation lawsuit after bravely speaking out about her experience of being sexually assaulted by a California Assemblymember. When the Assemblymember sued Pamela for sharing her story publicly, she was subjected to exorbitant legal fees and a lengthy court battle. Ultimately, Pamela prevailed and won her appeal in 2021, but at a very high cost, both economically and emotionally after several years of drawn out and painful litigation. 

The Assembly Judiciary Committee is sending a clear message that our justice system cannot be used as a weapon to further harm and silence survivors of sexual assault, harassment, and discrimination who speak out,” said Jessica Ramey Stender, Policy Director & Deputy Legal Director of Equal Rights Advocates.

ERA supported Pamela’s case by filing an amicus brief in 2021, represented by law firm Reed Smith. Her case highlights the need for stronger protections for survivors against these kinds of retaliatory lawsuits. Unfortunately, she is one of many survivors to have faced such a devastating experience. Countless others have decided not to come forward at all due to fear of being hit with a retaliatory defamation suit.

 “It is also an attempt to take away the power of every person who wants to be part of a conversation with survivors about how we wind up in a culture that perpetuates sexual assault and sexual harassment,” Pamela said while advocating for the bill.

The #MeToo movement brought the issue of sexual assault and harassment to the forefront, giving survivors a platform to share their stories and exposing a culture that perpetuates such abuse across all sectors of employment and society. Yet this level of attention on survivors has been met with backlash from abusers. 

A growing concern among survivors and advocates has been the use of Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation, known as SLAPP lawsuits. The threat of having to engage in years of litigation, relive the personal trauma of abuse in court, and take on the burden of responding to an expensive, resource-draining SLAPP suit further harms survivors and causes a chilling effect that discourages others from coming forward to share their experiences.

It is crucial to strengthen the legal right to speak out and provide survivors with adequate protections to share their truth without fear of legal retaliation. AB 933 expands California protections for speech made by survivors about their own experiences of sexual assault, harassment, or discrimination. 

This bill will encourage survivors to speak their truth and expose the behavior of those who harmed them. Survivors should not have to bear the burden of defending themselves against meritless lawsuits, and they deserve to be heard and believed.

You can take action and email CA lawmakers to support this vital protection for survivors. Let’s come together to make sure that survivors of sexual assault, harassment, and discrimination are not silenced by legal threats and intimidation.

Stay Connected & Take Action

Continue to

ERA Gala 2023

Join us!

Our annual Gala Luncheon will take place on June 9 in San Francisco, or livestream the event from wherever you are. Check out our lineup of speakers at the link!

Learn more

Legal Advice & Resources / Consejos y Recursos legales

Know Your Rights

Learn what your rights are so you can navigate your situation and make the best decision for you.

Your Rights at Work
Your Rights at School

Contact Us

Unfortunately, we are unable to accept new applications for our Free Legal Advice & Counseling program at this time. We will be reopening in June 2023.

Apply for Legal Help - TEMPORARILY CLOSED

Learn More

We have trained legal advocates and lawyers on staff to guide you through your legal issue.

Conozca Sus Derechos

Aprende sus derechos para que puedas navegar su situación y tomar la mejor decisión para ti.

Sus Derechos en el Trabajo


Posible que podamos proveer ayuda legal por gratis por los siguientes problemas en el trabajo o la escuela: discriminación basado en el género o por LGBTQI+, acoso sexual, asalto sexual, y discriminación basado en el embarazo o por ser padre/madre.


Nuestro servicio de asesoramiento por teléfono está cerrado por ahora

En este momento, no estamos recibiendo solicitudes dejadas por un recado de teléfono. Sin embargo, usted puede someter una solicitud para una consulta por la manera de hacer clic en el links "Empleo" o "Educación."